Reconstructive ankle surgery may be recommended for patients looking to relieve pain and/or discomfort caused by injuries such as sprains and fractures, improper footwear, flat feet, arthritis, congenital abnormalities, or degenerative changes throughout one’s adult life that was not able to be resolved by other less-invasive treatment. Depending on the situation, reconstructive surgery can involve grafting or fusing bones, implanting joints and may including pins, screws or staples to repair and stabilize the ankle.
Ankle fusions, or ankle arthrodesis is done to relieve pain and improve function for a patient suffering from arthritis in the ankle. The surgery involves removing the cartilage from a joint and then fusing bones together so they do not move. Fusions can be done with metal plates, screws or pins.
Another type of ankle surgery is tendon surgery. Tendons are a soft, band-like tissue that connects your muscles to your bones. In the ankle, the peroneals are two muscles with tendons that lie along the outside of the fibula and cross behind the outer ankle bone. Problems with the peroneal tendons are very common in athletes. Tendon surgery is typically needed for acute injuries such as tendon ruptures, but can also be necessary for shortening or lengthening the tendon. There are also instances where the tendon may need to be re-routed to improve ankle function.
Ultimately, your podiatric physician will determine whether surgical intervention is necessary and should discuss with your all options available for the most successful outcome.
The type of ankle surgery you receive will determine the recovery time and amount of physical therapy you will need to fully heal. However, in almost all cases, you will be required to stay off your foot and keep it elevated. Pain medication may be prescribed. A cast, splint, surgical shoes, crutches and/or a can may be used to aid in your recovery. All of these factors will be decided by your podiatrist.
There are many types of ankle and foot disorders that are difficult to diagnose. If you are experiencing unexplained pain, stiffness, instability or other unusual symptoms with your ankle, your podiatrist may choose to have you undergo an arthroscopy. This approach may also be used for certain types of fractures, lesions and other injuries, as well.
Several small incisions are made through the skin’s surface, into the ankle. A telescope, about three to four millimeters in diameter, is inserted to allow the surgeon to see inside of the joint. A patient receiving an ankle arthroscopy is provided a general anaesthetic.
Once the examination is complete, the incisions are closed and bandaged. In most cases, the patient is able to go home the same day. However, it is possible that your podiatric physician recommends you stay at the surgical center overnight.
TOP PODIATRIC CARE IN SOUTH TEXAS
The Podiatry Group of South Texas has been providing the best podiatric care to the residents of South Texas. With locations in Boerne, Floresville, Kenedy, Kyle, Live Oak, San Antonio & close to Austin, our group of 13 podiatric physicians are board certified and have the knowledge and experience you’re looking for. If you are experiencing any sort of pain or discomfort in your feet or ankles, don’t put off treatment! Make an appointment with The Podiatry Group today by calling (210) 227-8700.